The broad definition of "global music" encompasses a vast variety of musical genres and performance practices from around the globe. It encompasses music from ancient and contemporary non-Western cultures and often fuses elements of folk, indigenous, and popular music.
One of the most well-known types of global music, African music is easily recognizable by its complex rhythms and array of percussion instruments. The music of Africa is deeply rooted in local customs and practices, and it differs considerably across the continent. Some of the most well-known types of music from Africa are afrobeat, highlife, and mbalax.
Another style of global music that has gained popularity in recent years is Latin American music, which draws inspiration from a variety of cultures, including indigenous, African, and European. Latin American music encompasses several different styles, including salsa, merengue, and tango.
Asian music is a large and influential subgenre of world music. It includes classical music from countries like China, Japan, and India alongside more contemporary styles like K-pop and J-pop. Asian music is well-known for its use of non-standard instruments and scales, in addition to its frequent fusion of folk and classical elements.
Middle Eastern music is another type of global music with a deep and varied history. Complex rhythms and scales, as well as elements of folk and traditional music, help to define this style. Popular music from the Middle East includes Arabic pop and music for the belly dance.
In addition to these traditional styles, modern forms of world music that have been impacted by global music trends are also included. Modern production techniques and influences from popular music are sometimes included into these forms, along with traditional musical aspects. Recent examples of world music include reggae, ska, and worldbeat.
In its broadest sense, the term "global music" refers to an expansive musical subgenre that encompasses a wide variety of styles and traditions. It has the ability to bridge cultural divides and bring people together via a common appreciation of music.